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The Settlement of the Appalachian Frontier: THE TREATY OF WATAUGA

The Settlement of the Appalachian Frontier

Sharing information, stories, and ideas for teaching students about the settlement of the Appalachian Frontier. Focusing on the little-known people and history of Southwestern Virginia, Northeast Tennessee, and Eastern Kentucky.

Location: Nickelsville, Virginia, United States

Monday, January 31, 2005


Copy of the Deed from the Cherokees to Henderson & Co.
(March 17, 1775)

This indenture made this seventeenth day of March in the year of our Lord Christ one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five between Oconsitoto chief warrior and first representative of the Cherokee Nation or tribe of Indians and Attacullacullah and Sanvanooko otherwise Coronoh for themselves and behalf of the whole nation. Being the aborigines and sole owners by occupancy from the beginning of time to the lands on the waters of the Ohio River from the mouth of the Tennessee River up the said Ohio to the mouth or emptying of the Great Canaway or New River and so across by a Southward line to the Virginia line by a direction that shall strike or hit the Holston River six English miles above or Eastward of the Long Island therein and other lands and territories thereupon adjoining . . . for and in consideration of the sum of two thousand pounds of lawful money of Great Britain, to them in hand paid. . . .

x his mark
x his mark
SAVANOOKA, otherwise Coronoh,
x his mark

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of

William Baily Smith, George Lumkin,
Thomas Houghton, Castelton Brooks,
J.P. Bacon, Tilman Dixon,
Valentine Turey, Thomas Price, Linguist.